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Some consider that these Canaanite sedentary Israelites melded with incoming nomadic groups known as 'Hebrews'.the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule over the Levant, to Assyrian Captivity and Exile, to Babylonian Captivity and Exile, to Seleucid Imperial rule, to the Roman occupation and Exile, and the historical relations between Jews and their homeland thereafter, became a major feature of Jewish history, identity and memory.

The modern State of Israel was established as a Jewish state and defines itself as such in its Declaration of Independence and Basic Laws.

Its Law of Return grants the right of citizenship to any Jew who requests it.‬, Yehudim (pl.), in origin the term for a member of the tribe of Judah or the people of the kingdom of Judah.

In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility.

Some people, however, have become so wary of this construction that they have extended the stigma to any use of Jew as a noun, a practice that carries risks of its own.

The growth of Yahweh-centric belief, along with a number of cultic practices, gradually gave rise to a distinct Israelite ethnic group, setting them apart from other Canaanites.

a book in the Ketuvim, the third section of the Jewish Tanakh.Since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, most Jews have lived in diaspora.Genetic studies on Jews show that most Jews worldwide bear a common genetic heritage which originates in the Middle East, and that they bear their strongest resemblance to the peoples of the Fertile Crescent.In 587 BCE Nebuchadnezzar II, King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, besieged Jerusalem, destroyed the First Temple, and deported the most prominent citizens of Judah.The exile ended with the return under Zerubbabel the Prince (so-called because he was a descendant of the royal line of David) and Joshua the Priest (a descendant of the line of the former High Priests of the Temple) and their construction of the Second Temple in the period 521–516 BCE.In this case, it is complicated by long standing politics and religious and cultural prejudices.